Teacher Toolkit

Social Studies 6th Grade

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Grade 6

Georgia Performance Standards Self-Guided Tour for Teachers
18 Social Studies Standards Met

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MSENGR-II-1 Students will learn the concept of invention and innovation.

  1. Define related invention and innovation terms.
  2. Compare invention to innovation.
  3. Examine the role that Engineering & Technology and Society play in the invention and innovation process.
  4. Identify an important past invention or innovation.
  5. Research an artifact related to Engineering and Technology that is at least 25 years old.

 

Location-Milestones of Refreshment, Gallery 1
(John Pemberton Invents Coca-Cola)

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Connections

This Milestones of Refreshment gallery showcases the time in which John Pemberton invented Coca-Cola.

 

Location-Milestones of Refreshment, Gallery 2
(Developing a Logo)

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Connections

This Milestones of Refreshment gallery showcases how a logo is developed

 

Location-Milestones of Refreshment, Gallery 3
(Early Marketing)

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Connections

This Milestones of Refreshment gallery showcases how Asa Candler used new types of marketing to grow The Coca-Cola Company.

SS6E3 The student will describe factors that influence economic growth and examine their presence or absence in Latin America.

  1. Explain the relationship between investment in capital (factories, machinery, and technology) and gross domestic product (GDP).
  2. Describe the role of natural resources in a country‘s economy.
  3. Describe the role of entrepreneurship.

MSENGR-II-1 Students will learn the concept of invention and innovation.

  1. Define related invention and innovation terms.
  2. Compare invention to innovation.
  3. Examine the role that Engineering & Technology and Society play in the invention and innovation process.
  4. Identify an important past invention or innovation.
  5. Research an artifact related to Engineering and Technology that is at least 25 years old.

 

Location-Milestones of Refreshment, Gallery 4
(Early Bottling)

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Connections

This Milestones of Refreshment gallery showcases how bottling operations expanded throughout the United States (as shown on the bottle wall) and the world (as shown by the yellow truck from Argentina).

 

Location-Milestones of Refreshment, Gallery 5
(1916-The Contour Bottle)

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Connections

This Milestones of Refreshment gallery showcases how the innovation of the contour bottle design was accomplished.

 

Location- Milestones of Refreshment, Gallery 7
(Within Arm’s Reach of Desire)

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Connections

This Milestones of Refreshment gallery showcases the innovations and inventions that brought the product of Coca-Cola to more consumers.

 

Location-Milestones of Refreshment, Gallery 10
(Beverage Choices)

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Connections

This Milestones of Refreshment gallery showcases innovations of The Coca-Cola Company.

Location- Pop Culture, 2nd Floor

 

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Connections

This area showcases innovations made in the art world involving Coca-Cola.

SS6G8 The student will locate selected features of Europe…

  1. Locate on a world and regional political-physical map the countries of Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Russia, Spain, Ukraine, and United Kingdom.

Location- Taste It, 2nd Floor

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Connections

This area allows students to taste a variety of products manufactured by The Coca-Cola Company from around the world. The Beverage Connoisseur has a game that students can play that involves placing European countries in the proper place on a master map.


 

Grade 6

Lesson Plan
18 Social Studies Standards Met

What an Innovation!

Pre-visit Activity

MSENGR-II-1 Students will learn the concept of invention and innovation.

  1. Examine the role that Engineering & Technology and Society play in the invention and innovation process.
  2. Identify an important past invention or innovation.

Objectives:

  1. Students will understand the definitions of innovation and invention.
  2. Students will be able to describe the difference between these two terms.
  3. Students will work cooperatively in groups.

Materials

Time — 1 Hour

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Procedure

  1. Ask students if they can describe the difference between invention and innovation. Allow them to struggle with this a bit, writing on the board important concepts they discuss.
  2. Explain that the words invention and innovation both describe something that is new. An invention is something new or novel. This fact is why an invention can be patented. Innovation does not have to be new, except in the way it is being used in a new situation. Innovation can be thought of as channeling creativity into something that is useable. Coca-Cola was invented by John Pemberton. He mixed up ingredients and came up with a brand new product. He then patented the formula. However, it took the innovative marketing of Asa Candler to make the drink very desirable to many people. Remind students that they will see how this was done on their field trip to the World of Coca-Cola.
  3. Ask the class to come up with a sentence or two that defines the difference between the two words. Write this definition on the board.
  4. Discuss how an invention like the automobile has many innovations such as GPS systems and CD players, etc. Discuss how devices like the GPS system themselves were new inventions at one time, but their use in an automobile is an innovation.
  5. Gather students into groups of four. Pass out two sheets of large construction paper, magic markers, glue and scissors to each group. Pass out a variety of magazines. One construction paper is to be labeled “Innovations”, the other “Inventions”.
  6. Tell groups that they have 15 minutes to find ten innovations and ten inventions located in their magazines. Pictures should be cut out and glued onto their construction paper under the correct heading.
  7. When finished, ask each group to come to the front and discuss their findings. Discuss how their inventions may contain many innovations, and their page of innovations may make an invention better or more desirable.
  8. Discuss with students any pictures that show innovation/invention in the field of engineering or technology. Ask students what role society plays in the invention/innovation process.

Assessment

The terms invention and innovation can be confusing to students. When discussing the innovation/invention pictures, assess each group‘s understanding of these terms. Correct misconceptions as they arise.

Closing

Remind students that during their trip to the World of Coca-Cola they will see a number of inventions and innovations. Tell students that it is their responsibility during the field trip to keep a list in their notebook of both inventions and innovations they notice. This list will be used after the trip in the classroom.

English Language Learners

Make sure your English language learners are placed within groups who will be able to help them understand this confusing concept.

 


We Can Make It Better!

Post-Visit Activity

MSENGR-II-1 Students will learn the concept of invention and innovation.

  1. Examine the role that Engineering & Technology and Society play in the invention and innovation process.
  2. Identify an important past invention or innovation.

Objectives

  1. Students will work cooperatively in groups.
  2. Students will work together to solve a problem.
  3. Students will creatively support problem solving through design sketches.
  4. Students will use writing to evaluate the importance inventions play in their lives.

Materials

Time — 90 minutes

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Procedure

  1. Ask students to take out their list of inventions/innovations noted during their field trip to the World of Coca-Cola. Make two columns on the board, one labeled “Invention” the other “Innovation”. As a class, list inventions and innovations noted during the field trip. Discuss.
  2. Discuss with students what roll engineering, technology, and society played in the innovation and invention of Coca-Cola from its beginnings.
  3. Ask students how the technology of bottling changed The Coca-Cola Company.
  4. Divide the class into small groups. Tell each group that it is their job to take one invention that we have today, and brainstorm an innovation that would make that invention better and would cause more people to purchase it.
  5. Each group should make a sketch of their innovation and write one paragraph about how it would work and why it would boost sales. Share with the class.
  6. Discuss with students other inventions that have come about between the time Coca-Cola was invented in the 1800‘s to now. List these inventions on the board. Ask students to look over this list and decide which one they could not live without.
  7. Ask students to take 15 minutes to write about the one invention that they could not live without and why.

Assessment

Students should be assessed by their ability to work and contribute cooperatively in groups, create an acceptable written composition on why an invention is important to them today, as well as create an accurate timeline.

Homework

For homework, ask students to research products that were invented during their lifetime. They will create a timeline of these inventions and note how old they were at the time of the invention. The next day, discuss the percentage of these inventions that involve engineering and/or technology.